[OSM-talk] Place: city,town,village,hamlet,suburb
richard at systemeD.net
Wed Jan 3 08:54:18 GMT 2007
Alex Mauer <hawke at hawkesnest.net> wrote:
> After some discussion on IRC, the conclusion I arrived at was that the
> US and the UK differ significantly in their determination of a
> city/town/village -- The US seems to define their terminology based on
> the type of local government, while the UK bases it primarily on certain
> amenities provided by the municipality
In the UK, "city" is merely an "honorific title" bestowed by Her
Majesty Queen Brenda.
"City status is a rare mark of distinction granted by the Sovereign
and conferred by Letters Patent. It is granted by personal Command of
the Queen, on the advice of Her Ministers. The grant of city status is
purely honorific; it confers no additional powers or functions on the
town. City status is not, and never has been, a right which can be
claimed by a town fulfilling certain conditions. The use of specific
criteria could lead to a town claiming city status as of right, which
in turn might devalue the honour. All applications are considered on
their individual merits."
Historically, any UK town with a diocesan Anglican cathedral is also a
city (sometimes a "cathedral city"). The city-village of St David's
(West Wales) is the most famous example of this. This has not applied
to cathedrals/dioceses created since 1888.
A town is any settlement which either has a Town Council, or an (often
medieval) market charter. Thus Charlbury (population 3,000) has both
and is a town, while nearby Kidlington (population 18,000, more
amenities) is still a village with a Parish Council.
There's (inevitably) more on Wikipedia if you need it, but to
summarise, town/city/village status in the UK has nothing to do with
anything of any use whatsoever.
P.S. please let's not get onto counties, otherwise we'll have to start
explaining why Rutland is governed by - wait for it - "Rutland County
Council District Council"
More information about the talk