[Tagging] Superroutes - good, bad or ugly?

seirra blake sophietheopossum at yandex.com
Fri Mar 15 17:15:04 UTC 2019

yeah roughly so. in terms of mapping, no. as relations are on somewhat 
of a 'meta' level though, I considered it mostly due to the fact people 
seem to feel some sort of tag is needed. I (personally) wondered whether 
the use of type=route would require the use of a route tag no matter 
what (or I guess... should we just use a new type=shared? people seemed 
to preferably not want an entire new relation type though). but yeah the 
idea is essentially that the shared segments may be used in place of the 
identical set of ways independent of whatever the route wants to use 
them for. as it defeats the purpose for public transport somewhat if the 
bus stops/stop positions are still defined uniquely for each route the 
idea is that you can also make shared relations for those. the original 
idea was that you have a relation connecting two separate bus stop and 
way relations but after some thought... bus stops are always (unless 
there's a very extreme earthquake maybe? but I think if it's strong 
enough to physically switch bus stops we have more important things to 
worry about) attached to the same ways. I will upload a slightly updated 
version, just bear with me while I make sure I've checked all my emails 
and update it. I will reply to myself with it

On 3/15/19 3:22 PM, Peter Elderson wrote:
> This seems to boil down to: You can put any sequence of connected ways 
> in a package (shared route segment) and use that package in any route 
> to replace these ways themselves.
> You would need to allow all types of route relations to contain ways 
> and shared segment relations.
> I'm not sure if you would need any special tag to indicate it's 
> shared. If it's used more than once, it's shared, right?
> Fr gr Peter Elderson
> Op vr 15 mrt. 2019 om 15:38 schreef seirra blake 
> <sophietheopossum at yandex.com <mailto:sophietheopossum at yandex.com>>:
>     I can see *a lot* of shared routes in my area because most of the
>     buses heavily use a star topography (everything must take you to a
>     central station) as opposed to a hybrid mesh/star topography
>     (everywhere has access to a service to a central station, but
>     there are circular routes to allow quicker travel in some
>     circumstances). for example my local service has one incredibly
>     early train station detour (presumably for long distance
>     commuters), the two main routes (incoming/outgoing) and a route
>     that stops at the bus depot. all 4 of these routes share a large
>     part of it and that's just one route number! such route segments
>     could help shrink and simplify maintaining the relations a lot.
>     for example if there's a detour due to roadworks, you don't have
>     to edit the very large number of relations individually, (our bus
>     station has around 20 bays, each taking multiple services...) just
>     the shared child relations. I don't think we need a  specially
>     labelled super route relation, but perhaps we do need a way to
>     tell the data user that a segment is shared. these are the
>     problems I see:
>      1. where do the tags go?
>      2. do you need a separate one for each direction?
>      3. is type=super_route or similar the best idea?
>      4. how far can they nest?
>      5. a shared route is being used for public transport, should the
>         stop positions and bus stops be included with all the ways?
>     so... what do we do? this is what I see as a solution:
>      1. if a route is shared, tags should be minimal and only related
>         to the physical route itself perhaps not even including the
>         usual route tag (AFAIK wouldn't just about any route relation
>         in existence define the route tag? so this would just be
>         another pointer to the software that this isn't your regular
>         route. but maybe it still is best to tag it, in which case....
>         maybe route=shared?), rather than things such as what bus
>         routes it is part or anything, this can easily be seen simply
>         by looking at parent relations
>      2. maybe use the roles forward/backward? I don't think these are
>         used for much any more
>      3. what do we gain? I think this can more easily be solved by
>         simply adding another tag such as shared=yes which can tell
>         the software that there are route relations that are intended
>         to be treated as just one big way. see below for a more
>         detailed explanation.
>      4. I don't see a reason to limit the nesting, I imagine in most
>         use cases, the benefit of sharing duplicate relation data
>         probably outweighs any impact from processing nesting
>      5. if a shared route is used for both a numbered road route and
>         public transport it's probably unfair on the road user that
>         doesn't need them if they are included. also this would make
>         it difficult to work out where to place it in a public
>         transport V2 relation.. as they have stops at the top, ways at
>         the bottom but this has both!
>     so here's an indented, somewhat simplified example of how it
>     roughly would nest based on the idea of a public transport route,
>     a cycle route and a road relation that share the same set of ways
>     (_underlined_=can be shared in parent nesting level, *bold*=can be
>     shared in nesting levels outside of the parent one, italic=the
>     level at which main tagging should occur. for easier referencing
>     each equivalent level of nesting has been assigned a letter):
>     _______________________________________________________________________________
>     /bus network///[A]/
>     /
>         /route_master=bus /[B]
>             /route variant/ [C]
>                 _*route segments*_ [D]
>                     _combined bus stop/way relation suitable for
>                     public transport v2_ [E]
>                         _shared bus stop relation_ [F]_
>                         _
>                         _*shared way relation*_ [G]
>     /road network///[A]/
>     /
>         /road /[C]
>                 _*shared way relation*_ [G]*
>                 *
>     /cycle network//**/[A]/*
>     */
>         /cycle route /[C]
>             __
>                 __
>                 *_shared way relation_* [G]
>     _____________________________________________________________________________
>     potential new tags that may be required:
>     [C]: shared=yes (defaults to no)
>     [E/F/G]: route=shared (this is questionable in terms of benefits
>     though)
>     _____________________________________________________________________________
>     notes:
>     [G] may be infinitely nested as required to prevent duplicate sets
>     of ways (although this should rarely be required)
>     as you can see, this allows a lot of the data to be shared between
>     the various types of relations, whilst also allowing current
>     relation structure to remain the same, this is just an extra
>     higher level of detail, where required. due to the way public
>     transport relations are handled it may be required to even have
>     every segment in [D] contained in a relation, however as cycle and
>     road relations are purely made up of ways they may not need the
>     same kind of treatment and be able to mix items from [G] with
>     directly referenced ways. the separation of bus stop and way data
>     allows public transport relations to still correctly identify the
>     different bus stops in each direction but not have to duplicate
>     the way data. the naming of parts is solved, as this can be
>     applied to [G] level relations. the use of [G] and [C] would help
>     solve where routes need to be split up to keep maintenance
>     possible. [E], [F] and [G] theoretically shouldn't need to be
>     tagged as the fact they include any child relations at all should
>     be enough to indicate what they are, however if not route=shared
>     would certainly make it obvious. I hope this theory on how we
>     could solve it was helpful, if any further clarification is
>     required or there's a notable mistake/error please let me know and
>     I'll try to respond as best as I can to that. I have thought about
>     perhaps making an example of this, if it would help please let me
>     know.
>     **
>     On 3/15/19 12:07 PM, marc marc wrote:
>>     Le 15.03.19 à 12:27, Hufkratzer a écrit :
>>>     is that a good/sufficient reason to define a new relation type?
>>     imho nearly no routing tools (nor foot nor bus) is currently able
>>     to use a relation type=route with relations as child.
>>     so that's a good reason to create/improve a doc if superrelation is
>>     needed for ex for routing (of course maybe some mapper need superroute
>>     only for the fun of having a relation that collect all other).
>>     for ex how a "data user" can detect "it 's a superroute" <> "it's 2
>>     route with a shared segment" ?
>>     for the moment, the trick is to notice that the name of the main
>>     relationship is close to the name of the children's relationships
>>     and to know that the names of all these children's relationships
>>     are fake names (which should therefore be removed/corrected).
>>     there is for ex nothing called "European long distance path E4 - part
>>     France". it's an artificial name to descript how the relation is splited
>>     maybe the tag network should be the same and/or the name (the country
>>     XYZ may move the a scope tag)
>>     the main relation must/should/mustn't/shouldn't have all/some same tag
>>     as the child ?
>>     all/a lot of child tag must move to the main relation only ? (that's
>>     what we do with MP : we don't duplicate alls tags to way + relation)
>>     etc...
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