[Talk-ht] River system analysis tool for Haiti

Jean-Guilhem Cailton jgc at arkemie.com
Mon Oct 25 21:22:45 BST 2010

Bonsoir Pierre,

Thank you for your interesting observations. Indeed, you can find many 
problems with the waterways, when you take a detailed view, and 
unfortunately now it is often difficult to fix them because the high res 
imagery does not seem to be available any more.

I did not know about Yan's list of rivers.

The page suivi-affluents reflects a work a progress (and everyone is 
welcome to join in). As explained in my message quoted below, it shows 
only waterways that are represented by relations.

Jocelyn has just produced maps showing what is covered in this respect, 
and what remains to be done.

http://osm3.crans.org/haiti/images/rivers.png contains waterways (except 
streams) with the following color code:
blue = water-way
red = waterway relation without tributary relation
pink = waterway relation with tributary relations, together
light green = (water-) ways that are direct tributaries of waterway 

We are discussing it in #osm-fr IRC channel (on irc.oftc.net), and you 
are of course welcome to join the discussion.

I guess analysing the main river basins should be the priority.

The DMA maps haiti-tlm-50 (still available as WMS), and Landsat, can 
also be useful to map rivers that are missing (likely because they were 
not covered by high res sat imagery), and for some fixes.

Opencyclemap can be shown in JOSM with the slippymap plugin, and is 
indeed useful for contour lines.

http://www.healthmap.org/haiti/index.php can also be useful to 
prioritize attention on cholera affected areas.

Best wishes,


Le 25/10/2010 19:48, Pierre Beland a écrit :
> Jean-Guilhem
> The cholera epidemy and water contamination shows the importance of 
> well identifying the Drainage Bassins in Haiti. These like a tree 
> leaf, have complex ramifications not easy to analyze. I am not a GIS 
> specialist and dont know if specialized tools exist to analyse such 
> ramifications.
> Here are some observations following the validation work I did 
> manually last spring on Haiti Rivers, streams and canals.
> The affluents of a river are complex ramifications.  See, for example, 
> http://www.openstreetmap.org/?lat=18.4057&lon=-72.0741&zoom=14&layers=M <http://www.openstreetmap.org/?lat=18.4057&lon=-72.0741&zoom=14&layers=M> . 
> In such a ramification, its long and tedious to check each 
> ramification, to validate if directions are appropriate.
> To this regard, the Report 
> http://osm3.crans.org/haiti/suivi-affluents.php shows only small part 
> of Drainage bassins.
> To analyse and build good cartography of Drainage bassins, we have to 
> consider all the waterways and all ways and nodes connected to. I have 
> identified waterways with the following tags : river, stream, canal 
> and drain.
> I have often seen ways with the wrong direction (going upward).  Yan 
> report on rivers also shows many small waterway segments not connected 
> to a Drainage Bassin.
> We have to consider the possibility that ways are connected to a River 
> ramification with wrong tags or are wrongly connected to rivers.
> Ideally, we would have to analyse more deeply the river ramifications 
> and identify different incoherencies, check if all river names are 
> present.
> If useful to identify steep slopes, it could also be possible to add 
> elevation to each node.
> To do efficiently the validation work, it would be necessary to 
> extract all the nodes and ways connected to river ways and relations.
> And badly, that, I dont know how to do with Openstreetmap database. If 
> it was possible to easily export all the information related to rivers 
> in a MySQL database, I think that we could do a lot of 
> validations from that database.
> In Yan List of Rivers 
> (http://www.tappenbeck.net/osm/data4wiki/haiti/haiti-river_wiki.html 
> ), there are still many unnamed segments. Many of them might be 
> unconnected to other rivers. This list have to be manually updated and 
> might have not been updated recently.
> Opencyclemap contour lines could be usefull to identify river 
> directions. But rivers are not showed on that map.  I dont know if 
> there are ways to add simultaneously contour layers and river layers 
> to Openstreetmap.
> Exemples of problems
> Canal Desdunes (waterway=canal) not connected page 
> http://www.openstreetmap.org/?lat=19.2867&lon=-72.5855&zoom=14&layers=M <http://www.openstreetmap.org/?lat=19.2867&lon=-72.5855&zoom=14&layers=M> 
> Many River ramifications not connected 
> http://www.openstreetmap.org/?lat=18.4397&lon=-71.9705&zoom=14&layers=M <http://www.openstreetmap.org/?lat=18.4397&lon=-71.9705&zoom=14&layers=M>
> A stream connected to a road 
> http://www.openstreetmap.org/?lat=18.4579&lon=-71.8602&zoom=14&layers=M <http://www.openstreetmap.org/?lat=18.4579&lon=-71.8602&zoom=14&layers=M> 
> Rivers ending nowhere (or in canals ?) in suburb of Port-au-Prince 
> http://www.openstreetmap.org/?lat=18.5218&lon=-72.125&zoom=13&layers=M 
> <http://www.openstreetmap.org/?lat=18.5218&lon=-72.125&zoom=13&layers=M>
> When looking at zoom level 13,14, you will see well the ramifications 
> and see a lot of problems with orphan rivers.
> ------------------------------------------------------------------------
> /Pierre Beland /
> ------------------------------------------------------------------------
> *De :* Jean-Guilhem Cailton
> *Date/heure :* 2010-10-23  19:34:56
> *A :* HOT; Talk-ht
> *Cc :* OSM-talk; Jocelyn Jaubert
> *Sujet :* Re: [Talk-ht] River system analysis tool for Haiti
> Hi,
> Jocelyn has setup a page showing the tributaries network for Haiti,
> updated from hourly updates if all works well:
> http://osm3.crans.org/haiti/suivi-affluents.php
> For waterways to appear in it, they have to be represented by relations,
> and tagged according to the scheme described in:
> http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/User:Frodrigo/Relation:Waterway
> i.e. with tributaries appearing as members of the destination relation,
> with role=tributary, and being themselves relations if they have their
> own tributaries.
> (I have just learned how to add a relation as member of another relation
> in JOSM:
> - double click the tributary relation in the relations panel, it should
> appear in pink in the main editing area;
> - single click the destination relation;
> - click on the "Modify relation" button).
> It is also considered to maybe adapt the page
> http://osm3.crans.org/haiti/pyramide-cours-eau.php?osm_id=48998245
> (originally authored by Sly, and currently using ways only, not relations)
> to build the network from topology information and display it in a table.
> Many thanks to Jocelyn (and Frodrigo for discussion).
> Jean-Guilhem
> News from biosurveillance do not sound good, with
> "Confirmation of Cholera at Multiple Sites in Port au Prince"
> (http://biosurveillance.typepad.com/haiti_operational_biosurv/)
> An extract from yesterday IFRC Information bulletin:
> "A team of epidemiologists from the Department of Public Health and
> Population (MSPP) was mobilized to
> Artibonite to analyze samples taken from several patients to identify
> the causative agent of the acute
> diarrhoea outbreak. As a result of these analyses, the Ministry
> confirmed that Vibrio cholerae is causing the
> outbreak and that the source of the contamination is the river."
> (http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/rwb.nsf/db900sid/MUMA-8AH3J5/$File/full_report.pdf)
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