[OSM-dev] New OSM binary fileformat implementation.

Scott Crosby scrosby06 at gmail.com
Mon Aug 9 18:40:12 BST 2010

On Wed, Apr 28, 2010 at 12:02 PM, Scott Crosby <scrosby06 at gmail.com> wrote:
> Hello!
> I would like to announce code implementing a binary OSM format that
> supports the full semantics of the OSM XML. It is 5x-10x faster at
> reading and writing and 30-50% smaller; an entire planet, including
> all metadata, can be read in about 12 minutes and written in about 50
> minutes on a 3 year old dual-core machine. I have implemented an
> osmosis reader and writer and have enhancements to the map splitter to
> read the format. Code is pure Java and uses Google protocol buffers
> for the low-level serialization.
> Comparing the file sizes:
>  8.2gb   planet-100303.osm.bz2
> 12  gb   planet-100303.osm.gz
>  5.2gb   planet-omitmeta.bin
>  6.2gb   planet.bin

Some newer results.

I have a modification to dense nodes to support storing tags. This
results in a 500mb smaller files for an entire planet. Sizes are now:

  4.7gb  planet-omitmeta.bin
  5.7gb  planet.bin

Results when dropping the resolution to 1m precision:
 3.8gb planet-granularity=10000-omitmeta.bin

This reduced resolution format may be a good choice for distributing
OSM snapshots to non-editors.

I have tested the new file on the cloudmade extract of rhode_island;
converting 122MB of uncompressed XML to and from binary format. The
result is bytewise identical to the source file except for the osmosis
version number at the top.


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