[Tagging] Feature Proposal - RFC - police=*

Sergio Manzi smz at smz.it
Mon Mar 11 03:39:48 UTC 2019

On 2019-03-11 04:05, Warin wrote:

> On 11/03/19 10:29, Sergio Manzi wrote:
>> In Italy there are five main, state-wide, police corps:
>>   * /Polizia di Stato/: a civil organization with civil jurisdiction (/with several different branches dealing with specific activities/).
>>   * /Carabinieri/: a military branch with military jurisdiction, but also civil jurisdiction.
>>   * /Polizia penitenziaria/:  a civil organization handling prisons, but with also other civil jurisdictions.
> In the UK these are not police officers and their powers are only while 'acting as a prison officer' i.e. in relation to prisoners.
> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Her_Majesty%27s_Prison_Service#Powers_and_structure
> They are not considered 'police' by the general populace.

Not here. Automatic Google translation (/sorry, no time for good translation.../) from the Italian Wikipedia article (https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corpo_di_polizia_penitenziaria):

    /"//Mainly it carries out the task of managing people subjected to restrictions or restriction of personal freedom. It also carries out traffic police activities pursuant to art. 12 of the Highway Code /[but TBH I never saw them acting in this capacity, mainly handled by the Polizia Stradale (part of the Polizia di Stato) and by the Carabinieri. smz]/, participates in the maintenance of public order, carries out judicial police activities and public safety even outside the prison environment, as well as all other police forces, carries out escort activities for the protection of institutional personalities (Minister of Justice, Undersecretaries of State) and magistrates.//"/

>>   * /Guardia di finanza/: a military organization, but depending from the Ministry of Finance, with civil jurisdiction on financial matters.
> What do you mean by "military organization'? (/Guardia di finanza)/
> Are they under the command of the army/navy/air force?
> Or is that the personnel structure is similar to the military (captains, corporals, etc)

No, they are in a very peculiar situation: they are a militarized organzation, but not depending from the Ministry of Defence, but the Ministry of Finance. English Wikipedia aricle about them is quite good so I refer you to it: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guardia_di_Finanza

>>   * /Corpo delle capitanerie di porto - Guardia costiera/: a military organization, roughly comparable to the US Coast Guard.
>  More like the navy?
> Or 'water police'?
> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_police
> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metropolitan_Police_Marine_Policing_Unit

They are part of the Italian Navy (Marina Militare) but their responsiblities are more akin of those of the "US Coast Guard". Quite good English Wikipedia article for them too: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corps_of_the_Port_Captaincies_%E2%80%93_Coast_Guard



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