[Tagging] amenity=retirement_home and social facility

Tom Pfeifer t.pfeifer at computer.org
Fri Jul 1 19:41:23 UTC 2016

As we have seen from the nursing home discussion, there is a continuum of variations
of such facilities, with overlapping concepts.

In OSM we need to decide, how many distinctive tags we need.

There was a clear need to separate group_home from nursing_home.

I'm not convinced yet that we need to separate assisted_living from retirement_home.
capacity=N can express how institutional the facility feels.

There is certainly a general trend to provide such social services on a smaller
scale, e.g. children are not locked into dormitory-style orphanages
anymore but cared for in family-like group-home structures, and the elderly
live in smaller units equipped with their own furniture.

There is also major research going on to support and monitor certain
Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) electronically, e.g. with the upcoming
Internet of Things, with a clear target to keep people independent longer
and to cope with escalating nursing cost.


Martin Koppenhoefer wrote on 2016/07/01 20:40:
> Il giorno 01 lug 2016, alle ore 19:02, Tom Pfeifer ha scritto:
>> As it is not a nursing home, there is no constant nursing. So a nurse might be
>> available on request, or there might be age-specific animation, so it is either
>> "assisted living" or a "group home", depending on the level of assistance and structure.
> AFAIK assisted living is a more specific term then it might seem at first sight, a kind of residence within apartments and assistance on demand, as opposed to a retirement home with less privacy and more institutional character, but the term is also more
> generic in its meaning I guess.
> Wikipedia also seems to confirm that this is a specific service (although I don't buy the "too young for a retirement home" part):
> "Assisted living as it exists today emerged in the 1990s as an eldercare <https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eldercare> alternative on the continuum of care for people, for whom independent living <https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Independent_living> is not
> appropriate but who do not need the 24-hour medical care provided by a nursing home and are too young to live in a retirement home <https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Retirement_home>. Assisted living is a philosophy of care and services promoting
> independence and dignity."

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