[Tagging] Feature Proposal - Voting - boundary=aboriginal_lands

Alan McConchie alan.mcconchie at gmail.com
Sun Nov 25 18:14:56 UTC 2018


You are both correct that despite my attempted cleanup of the proposal, there still wasn't a good description of what these features actually are in the real world. I added a new description at the top of the page. That's my fault, sorry that I didn't include that before I started the vote. 

I tried to summarize the discussion about what these features actually are, and what they should include and not include. Specifically I hope this clarifies that we are only mapping the official boundaries of reservations, not the traditional pre-colonial territories of aboriginal people.

You can read and comment on the new proposal here: https://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Proposed_features/Tag:boundary%3Daboriginal_lands#Proposal



Here is the content of that new section:


This proposal is for mapping the official reservation boundaries of recognized aboriginal / indigenous / native peoples. These areas go by a variety of names in different countries, such as Indigenous Protected Areas in Australia, Indian Reserves in Canada, Indian Reservations in the United States, Terra Indígena (Indigenous Territory) in Brazil, Territorio Indigena in Colombia, or Territory of Traditional Natural Resource Use in Russia, to name some common examples.

While the specific status of these areas differs by country, they generally share two things in common:

	• These regions have special legal status for the benefit of aboriginal peoples, and different laws may be enforced within these regions. The aboriginal groups usually have some form of self-governance in these areas.

	• These regions are mutually recognized between the aboriginal peoples and the occupying/colonizing government, and their boundaries are not in dispute. (The fact that some aboriginal groups may claim much larger areas and may be negotiating for an expansion of their reservations does not change the fact that the existing boundaries are mutually recognized as the current legal situation).

This proposal does not cover:

	• Larger land claims that have not yet been mutually finalized between the aboriginal group and the occupying/colonizing government. In many countries, notably in parts of Canada, treaty negotiations are ongoing. These disputed areas should not be mapped using the boundary=aboriginal_lands tag.

	• Lands outside of reservations that are owned by aboriginal groups, but which do not have special legal status. In these areas, the aboriginal groups act as a landowner like any other landowner. OpenStreetMap does not map land ownership.

	• Areas outside of reservations where aboriginal groups may have special rights, such as traditional fishing or hunting grounds.

	• The traditional or pre-colonial lands of aboriginal people. These may be appropriate for Open Historical Map, but they cannot be accurately mapped or verified within OpenStreetMap. For a good map of traditional aboriginal territories around the world, see https://native-land.ca/.



Alan



> On Nov 25, 2018, at 3:53 AM, Joseph Eisenberg <joseph.eisenberg at gmail.com> wrote:
> 
> The proposal should be edited to say that this tag should be used for official boundaries of recognized aboriginal / indigenous / native peoples, for example, American Indian Reservations,  Canadian First Peoples, Aboriginal Australian etc.... (Plus the proper terminology for Brazil and other countries if relevant). 
> 
> On Sun, Nov 25, 2018 at 7:44 PM Mateusz Konieczny <matkoniecz at tutanota.com> wrote:
> 25. Nov 2018 01:38 by alan.mcconchie at gmail.com:
> 
> I'd like to officially open the voting period now, so we can once and for all come to a conclusion on this 10-year-long discussion. Please review the discussion on the wiki page and cast your vote at the bottom: 
> 
> https://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Proposed_features/Tag:boundary%3Daboriginal_lands
> 
> 
>  I would start from RfC. For example it is still not documented what is mapped this tag
> 
> (and no, it is not obvious - I am hoping that it is some officially declared boundary, but
> 
> I am not sure).
> 
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